Director

The Director is the driving creative force in a film's production, and acts as the crucial link between the production, technical and creative teams. This is the person responsible for the artistic interpretation of the film’s script into images and sounds, and he/she is also responsible for envisioning and identifying the style and structure of the project. In the textbook for film- and TV-direction of Alan A. Armer this role is described as follows: “The director is father and mother, priest, psychologist, friend, writer, actor, photographer, costumer, electronics technician, musician, visionary and a dozen other roles.”

Often the director has big influence on the script, sometimes he is the co-author. The concept has to be closely coordinated with the authors, the producer and, if necessary, with the editorial department of involved broadcasters. The task of the director then is to produce the film as described in the script by using the possibilities of filming. Together with the production manager and the producer he plans the preparation of the shooting, selects actors and staff, looks through motives and decides about the involvement of the technical equipment. During the production the director develops the roles with the actors and discusses how to interpret the characters. He/she is also responsible for editing, post-processing and finishing.

A director works individually with every actor and tries to secure convincing performances in order to bring the story alive. Except from the actors, the director also works closely with the director of photography (DP) in order to capture the scenes in a proper visual manner and with the editor. Furthermore, as the ultimate creative role has a say in the music of the film, the titles and graphics. In some cases, Directors assume multiple roles such as director/producer or director/writer. Directors are ultimately responsible for a film's artistic and commercial success or failure. 

Job/task description

  • Interpret the script
  • Generate storyboards
  • Planning of the shooting
  • Manage the technical aspects of filming, including the camera, sound, lighting, design and special effects departments
  • Select cast, locations and crew
  • Develop the roles with the actors
  • Directing the actors and rehearsals
  • Close communication with the producer at specific stages, for instance at the editing stage of the final “cut”
  • Supervise the work of the rest of the production staff
  • Work with director of photography (DP) to capture the scenes in a suitable visual way
  • Work closely with editors to reach the final cut or version of the film
  • Decide the score of the film, the titles and graphics
  • Responsible for motivating the team to produce the best possible results
  • Solve interpersonal problems
  • Reconcile conflicting interests
  • Appreciate the needs and expectations of the film's financiers
  • Be aware of the constraints of the film's budget and schedule